Can you have ADD and ADHD?
Great question! The answer is yes…and no.
Let’s start with,
‘No it’s not possible to have both ADD and ADHD.’
If someone told you, ‘I have Chickenpox and Chickenpox,’ it would sound strange because they are telling you something twice.
The same is true if you say, ‘I have ADD and ADHD’ because they are two names for the same condition.
Why Are There Two Names?
The confusion comes from the fact that the condition we now call ADHD has had many names over the years. Here are a few examples….some are a little offensive to our modern ears.
- Mental restlessness
- Abnormal defect of moral control in children
- Hyperkinetic Impulse Disorder
- Attention Deficit Disorder
- Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
ADD was the official name for the condition from 1980-1987, and many people still use ADD to describe Inattentive ADHD.
In 1987, ADHD became the new official name. As with many things, there were pros and cons to this name. A pro is it recognizes that hyperactivity is an important component of the condition. A con is it alienated many people who did not identify with the ‘H’.
Thirty years later ADHD is frequently used to describe someone who has both hyperactivity and impulsivity.
Yes, It Is Possible to Have Both ADD and ADHD.
If we go by the premise above that ADD refers to inattention and ADHD refers to hyperactivity, then it is possible to have both. However, using today’s terminology you would have ‘ADHD combined ’ or more accurately ’Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Combined Presentation.’
What are the current terms for ADHD?
In May 2013, the most recent DSM was published, DSM-5. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is the gold standard for doctors and mental health professionals when they are assessing and diagnosing all mental health conditions. With each publication the diagnosis criteria for ADHD and its official name of has changed slightly to reflect the new research and understanding of the condition.
Here are the different types of ADHD:
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, combined presentation
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, predominantly inattentive presentation
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation.
The term presentation (rather than subtypes) is used to acknowledge that ADHD is not a fixed condition. It changes with age and situations.
Diagnosing Combined ADHD
ADHD combined is the most common type of ADHD and the most researched.
The DSM-5 provides the criteria that clinicians use when assessing a patient for ADHD.
It lists 9 inattentive ADHD symptoms and 9 hyperactive/impulsive symptoms. In order to be diagnosed with ADHD combined presentation an adult (17 years or older) has five or more symptoms from the list of inattentive ADHD systems and 5 or more symptoms from the hyperactive/impulsive list.
Also, they must meet the following criteria:
- The characteristics have been present for 6 months or more
- The symptoms were present before 12 years old (although you might not have been diagnosed)
- The traits affect your life in 2 or more settings (e.g. home and work)
- The symptoms impact performance so you are not able to perform to your full potential
- The symptoms aren’t due to another condition, such as bipolar disorder, sleep disorder or anxiety.
If a person meets the criteria above, they can be diagnosed with ADHD combined presentation.
Not Everyone Agrees
Not everyone agrees with the new terminology. Dr. Amen, author of many ADHD books, including Healing ADD: The Breakthrough Program That Allows You to See and Heal the 7 Types of ADD, is quite vocal about his disagreement. He doesn’t agree that hyperactivity should be included in the name when a person just has inattention.
Some people who have been diagnosed with ADHD rebel against using the ‘H’ because they don’t resonate with hyperactivity. It can be helpful to know that hyperactivity is more diverse than having lots of physical energy. Take a look at this list to see some ways in which hyperactivity can appear in your life as an adult.
Even if you don’t like the official terms and choose not to use them, it is still helpful to know what they are, so that you feel up to date and informed.